In Joint replacement surgery the damaged cartilage and any associated loss of bone structure is a resurfaced and removing the damaged joint, and preserving the muscles and ligaments for support and function. The replaced joint is made of titanium, cobalt chrome, stainless steel, ceramic material, OXINIUM and polyethylene (plastic). It can be affixed to the bone with bone cement or it can be press-fit, which allows bone to grow into the implant. Once the joint replacement is in place, its motion and function are restored through physical therapy. The most common joint replacement surgeries are Hip and Knee.
Knee joint replacement is a procedure that replaces an injured or ailing knee with an artificial man made joint called a prosthesis. Damaged cartilage and bone are removed from the knee joint. Man-made pieces are then placed in the knee. The prosthesis is made of metal alloys, plastics, and polymers. It simulates the function of a knee. Replacement knees can be custom tailored to meet your needs. When selecting a prosthetic knee, your doctor will take into account your age, weight, activity level, and overall health.
The decreased knee utility identifies rigid and aching knee and needs knee substitution surgery to enhance their functionality. Despite the reality that getting respite from joint ache is the essential explanation behind knee substitution, the other expected benefits comprise
Hip Replacement Surgery also known as arthroplasty is a surgical procedure which involves replacement of the damaged parts of the hip joint with new artificial parts. The artificial part or prosthesis is made of metal which improves mobility of the hip and relieves pain.
The most common cause of damage to the hip joint is osteoarthritis. The other conditions which lead to hip replacement surgery are rheumatoid arthritis, osteonecrosis, injury and bone tumours.